Maze graphics or online Mazes in virtual reality are cool, but nothing can
equal the mystery and majesty of having your physical body surrounded by a life
size Maze or Labyrinth in real reality. Here are some life size unicursal
Labyrinths and Maze puzzles I've made in various media:
- Canvas Labyrinth: A unicursal
Labyrinth in the Chartres Cathedral plan measuring 28 feet across, with passages
10" wide and walls 1" thick, is at Kent
Unity Church. I designed and helped paint it, where it was dedicated on
September 8, 2002. This Labyrinth was featured in the newspaper in September,
2003 which can be seen here.
- Rock Labyrinth: This beach
Labyrinth was made with rocks above the high tide mark, so was semi-permanent.
It's a classical seven circuit, created to replace an older rock Labyrinth
somebody else made with a different pattern, after that Labyrinth was no longer
visible. This was at Golden Gardens park in Seattle, Washington, on May 9, 2004.
- Rock Labyrinth #2: Another beach
Labyrinth made with rocks above the high tide mark, in the classical seven
circuit pattern. Eight people total helped make it at Golden Gardens park in
Seattle, Washington, on December 21, 2010. Another picture of the Labyrinth
after being repaired on January 1, 2011 can be seen here.
- Chalk Labyrinth #1: I drew this
classical seven circuit style unicursal Labyrinth with chalk on the pavement of
a driveway in April, 1999.
- Chalk Labyrinth #2: Friends and I
drew this classical seven circuit style unicursal Labyrinth with chalk in a
parking lot on February 5, 2005.
- Snow Labyrinth: I carved this
classical seven circuit unicursal Labyrinth in the snow, with the text
"Think Labyrinth!" around the perimeter, outside my apartment on
January 9, 2005.
- Snow Maze: Here's a non-unicursal
Maze I carved in the snow on the front lawn of where I lived around 1987. The
image is a scan of two photos laid side by side.
One of the best media in which to create a life size Labyrinths and Mazes
is sand on the beach. They of course only last half a day or so until the tide
- Sand Labyrinth #1: I enjoy making Mazes in
the sand on the beach, that one can walk through whenever I can, as seen in this
Chartres cathedral style unicursal Labyrinth, created in June, 1998.
- Sand Labyrinth #2: This is another
Labyrinth done in the sand on the ocean shore. This is in a Native American
"Man in the Maze" variant of the classical seven circuit style of
unicursal Labyrinth, and was created on September 12, 1999.
- Sand Labyrinth #3: Another Labyrinth
done in sand on the ocean shore. This one is in the ten circuit Cretan style of
unicursal Labyrinth, and was created on May 2, 2001.
- Sand Labyrinth #4: Yet another
Labyrinth in sand at the ocean, in the classic seven circuit style of unicursal
Labyrinth, created on August 31, 2001.
- Irish sand Labyrinth: A
classic seven circuit sand Labyrinth created on the beach of Dingle Harbor in
Ireland, created on May 25, 2004, for the 6th Gate
of the 11:11 Doorway. Another picture of this Labyrinth can be seen here. A different Labyrinth I made there
three days earlier at night can be seen here.
- Night sand Labyrinth: This sand
Labyrinth was created at night by flashlight at Golden Gardens Park in Seattle,
Washington, on October 14, 2004. The log in the middle of the seed pattern area
was dragged across the sand to draw the walls.
- Birthday Labyrinth: This sand
Labyrinth was created at Carkeek park in Seattle, Washington, on January 8,
2005, in honor of my wife Jessica's 28th birthday. :-)
- Carkeek sand Labyrinth: Another sand
Labyrinth created at Carkeek park, in the Chartres Cathedral style, in Seattle,
Washington, on April 24, 2005.
- Golden Gardens sand Labyrinth:
Another classical seven circuit sand Labyrinth created at Golden Gardens Park in
Seattle, Washington, on September 4, 2005.
- La Push sand Labyrinth: An ocean sand
Labyrinth at La Push, Washington, in a modified form of classic seven circuit
style of unicursal Labyrinth, created on September 19, 2008.
- Taholah sand Labyrinth: An ocean sand
Labyrinth near Taholah, Washington, specifically a nine circuit unicursal
Labyrinth with circuit sequence 321654987, created on September 19, 2009.
- Moclips sand Labyrinth: An ocean sand
Labyrinth near Moclips, Washington, specifically a pentagonal five circuit
unicursal Labyrinth with circuit sequence 52341, also created on September 19,
- Ocean Shores sand Labyrinth: A sand
Labyrinth at Ocean Shores, Washington, specifically a diamond shaped seven
circuit unicursal Labyrinth with circuit sequence 7254361 (and a tennis ball in
the middle :-) created on January 9, 2011.
- Grass Labyrinth #1: This is a
classical seven circuit style unicursal Labyrinth, made on a lawn using string
tied to nails stuck in the ground, created on August 11, 1999, for the 4th Gate of the 11:11
- Grass Labyrinth #2: This is another
Labyrinth made on a lawn of a friend's place with string and nails, in the style
of the "Man in the Maze" variant of the classical seven circuit
unicursal Labyrinth, created on November 12, 2000.
- Sand circle Maze: Here's a
non-unicursal 11 ring Maze drawn at the ocean on "3rd Beach" by LaPush,
Washington, on September 18, 2005.
- Sand spiral Maze: Here's a Spiralstorm
style Maze drawn at the ocean on by Moclips, Washington, on September 22, 2007.
gallery: A large number of sand Labyrinths of various types I've made in
A few images of life size Mazes I've personally visited:
- Glacier Maze: This is the first
life size Maze I ever visited. It's located in Coram, Montana, right outside of
Glacier National Park. I was there in 1988 and 1989.
- Glacier Maze record: In 1989 I set
the record for the fastest time through! They change the way through a few times
a year, resetting the record time in the process, however you only get one try
at the season record, as it's much easier once you've done it before.
- Tarp Maze #1: On the way to Glacier
Maze, I noticed this life size Maze formed of tarps alongside I-90 just outside
of Spokane, Washington.
- Tarp Maze #2: Darest thou enter the
Labyrinth? This was erected for the Kent Canterbury Renaissance Faire in Kent,
Washington in August, 2000. It's not really made of tarps, but rather sheets
hanging between wood stakes. It measured 14 by 14 passages, and was a
"braid" Maze i.e. one with no dead ends in it.
- Tarp Maze #3: The Amazing Castle
Maze was at the Kent Canterbury Renaissance Faire in August, 2005. It's plan
here measured 9 by 9 passages, and was the first Maze at the Faire since 2000.
- Evergreen Maze: This life size Maze
was located in Gig Harbor, Washington, and was composed of evergreen trees. The
large circular figure in the background is a Moongate, where the path to the
Maze goes through it. This Maze unfortunately no longer exists.
- Peace Labyrinth: Bellevue Unity
Church has a life size unicursal Labyrinth in the Chartres Cathedral plan called
The Peace Labyrinth
on its grounds. On New Year's Eve of 1998 this other Chartres plan unicursal
Labyrinth painted on three large pieces of canvas was displayed inside the
church. On New Year's Eve of 1999 a different canvas Labyrinth was set up inside
at the same location which may be seen here.
- Canvas Labyrinth: Once a month
Plymouth Congregational Church in Seattle displays and has open to the public a
life size unicursal canvas Labyrinth in the Chartres Cathedral plan. This
Labyrinth is almost identical to those that were at Bellevue Unity above, except
this one is painted in purple, instead of blue or green.
- Picnic Maze: This small life size
Maze was temporarily erected during the 1995 Microsoft Company Picnic. It had a
dinosaur theme and measured 13 passages by 7 passages. A map of the Maze may be
- Robot Maze: The Seattle Robotics Society has
had contests at the Pacific Science Center where member built robots would run
through a small wood Maze, seeing who could make it through in the shortest
- Science Center Maze: The Pacific Science
Center sometimes has a Maze exhibit, including an indoor life size Maze visitors
can walk through. They currently have a small and more or less permanent life
size Maze the plan of which may be seen here.
One of the most common types of life size Maze is the cornfield Maze. Here
are a some images of life size corn Mazes I've visited:
The life size Mazes in this section I haven't visited:
- Hampton Court hedge Maze: Perhaps
the most famous Maze in the world. Image scanned from a postcard.
- Longleat hedge Maze: The largest
hedge Maze in the world, when measuring path length.
- Survivor Mazes: In the TV series Survivor on CBS, they occasionally have
life size Mazes as immunity challenges for the contestants. All of these Mazes
have been reproduced as games that come with the program Daedalus.
- Survivor Maze #1: "This next
challenge will prove harder than the rest. You'll be rats in the maze for this
little test. Just keep your wits, and you'll make it with ease. The prize is the
idol, and that's much better than cheese." In Survivor II, the immunity
challenge in episode 5 was a race
through a Maze. There were two identical Mazes built side by side, where the
two tribes had to enter, find each of the checkpoints within their Maze in
order, and then exit. The Maze measured 13 by 17 passages, and contained 22 dead
ends and 5 passage loops. They say it took 46 tons of lumber, three miles of
burlap, and two weeks to build. A screenshot of this Maze in Daedalus can be
seen here. A slightly modified version of
this game was used by the Survivor
Spades online league for one of their challenges.
- Survivor Maze #2: In Survivor IV, the
immunity challenge in episode 6 was another race
through a Maze. This time there was just one Maze, which both tribes were
inside at the same time, where they had to find each of their checkpoints within
the Maze in order, returning to the center after each one. The Maze was
symmetric, in five rings, and contained 14 dead ends and 3 passage loops. A
screenshot of this Maze in Daedalus can be seen here.
A modified version of this was used by the Survivor Spades 2
online league for another one of their challenges.
- Survivor Maze #3: In Survivor VI, the
immunity challenge for the final four was yet another race
through a Maze. The final contestants had to race through the Maze
blindfolded, finding four checkpoints represented by the four elements,
returning to the center when done. Each quadrant of the Maze was symmetric,
where the whole thing contained 40 dead ends and 12 passage loops. A screenshot
of this Maze in Daedalus can be seen here.
Survivor Maze #4: In Survivor
VIII, the immunity challenge for the final four again was one more race
through a Maze. The final contestants had to race through the Maze with
minor obstacle courses in certain passages, finding eight checkpoints in the
eight points of the star shaped Maze, returning to the center when done. A
screenshot of this Maze in Daedalus can be seen here.
Survivor Maze #5: In Survivor
IX, the immunity challenge for the final four this time was a race through
a vertical Maze, which was like a 2D Maze flipped on edge. The final
contestants had to navigate the Maze, climbing up and down ladders to change
their elevation, and find ten different checkpoints within the Maze in any
order, returning outside after each. A screenshot of this Maze in Daedalus can
be seen here.
Survivor Maze #6: In Survivor
XI, the immunity challenge for the final four was a race
through a bird shaped Maze. The final contestants had to race through the
Maze, finding six different checkpoints within the Maze in any other, going
across a pool of water and then up a Maya pyramid in the middle after each. A
screenshot of this Maze in Daedalus can be seen here.
Survivor Maze #7: In Survivor
XIV, the immunity challenge for the final five was a race
through several Mazes. The final contestants had to race through five Mazes
in sequence while blindfolded, finding a checkpoint within each that yields the
key to the next area. A screenshot of this Maze in Daedalus can be seen here.
Survivor Maze #8: In Survivor
XX, the immunity challenge for the final four was a race through a Maze.
The final contestants had to race through the Maze while blindfolded (very
similar but not identical to Survivor Maze #3 above) finding four checkpoints
represented by the four elements, exiting the Maze when done. A screenshot of
this Maze in Daedalus can be seen here.
Survivor Maze #9: In Survivor
XXII, the immunity challenge for the final four was a race through a Maze.
The final contestants had to race through the Maze, finding four checkpoints in
four buildings, climbing to a special area above the Maze when done. A
screenshot of this Maze in Daedalus can be seen here.
So what is the largest Maze in the world? In the 2005 Special 50th
Anniversary Edition of the Guinness
Book of World Records we have:
- Largest temporary corn maze and pathway: Stewarts GardenLands Maize Maze
covered an area of 16.9 acres (68,271 m2) when it opened on July 10
2003 in Christchurch, Dorset, UK. The maze, which has a central lobster shape,
was designed by Adrian Fisher (UK) and created by Martin and Susie Stewart (both
UK). A 8.83-mile-long (14.22-km) pathway in the maze holds the record for the
longest path in a temporary maze.
- Largest permanent hedge maze and pathway: The largest permanent hedge
maze is the Peace Maze at Castlewellan Forest Park, County Down, Northern
Ireland, UK, which has a total area of 2.77 acres (11,215 m2) and a
total path length of 2.18 miles (3.51 km). The maze opened on September 12 2001
and was designed by Beverly Lear (UK) and created by the Forest Service,
Northern Ireland, UK, assisted by members of the public. The 2.18-mile-long
(3.51-km) pathway holds the record for the longest pathway in a permanent hedge
- Largest permanent tree maze: Designed by Erik and Karen Poulsen (both
Denmark), the Samso Labyrinten on the Island of Samso in Denmark has an area of
645,835 ft2 (60,000 m2) and its path measures 16,830 ft
(5,130 m). It was created in September 1999 and opened to the public on May 6
- Oldest hedge maze: The maze in the gardens of Hampton Court Palace,
Surrey, UK, was built for King William III of England. Designed by royal
gardeners George London and Henry Wise (both UK), it was planted between 1689
and 1695 using hornbeam Carpinus. The maze covers an area of 0.5 acres (0.2
hectares), with a total path length of 0.5 miles (800 m).
The world's largest Maze as listed in the 2001 Guinness Book of World
Records is the Pineapple
Garden Maze at Dole Plantation. Before that, in the 1997 Guinness Book of
World Records, we had:
- The largest maze ever constructed was made in a cornfield in
Shippensburg, PA. It had a total path of 2.03 miles and covered in area of
172,225 square feet, and was in existence for two months in August-September
- Permanent: The largest permanent maze is the hedge maze in Ruurlo,
Netherlands, which has an area of 94,080 square feet. It was created from beech
hedges in 1891.
- The maze with the greatest path length is at Longleat,
Warminster, England. It was opened on June 6, 1978 and has 1.69 miles of paths
flanked by 16,180 yew trees.
- The K.I.D.S. maze in Shaw Park, Clayton, MO was made of PVC posts, with
fencing and clear plastic stretched between the posts. It covered an area of
175,250 square feet, with a total path length of 2.47 miles. The maze was
erected in May 1996 and taken down in June 1996. [This entry was in the
"Extra! Extra!" recent arrivals section.]
Before that, in the 1987 Guinness Book of World Records, we had:
- The largest maze is Il Labirinto at Villa Pisani, Stra, Italy, with 4 mi
of paths. Napoleon was "lost" in it in 1807. The oldest datable
representation of a labyrinth is that on a clay tablet from Pylos, Greece, from
c. 1200 BC. [I don't know why this Maze is no longer mentioned.]
- The largest hedge maze is at Longleat,
Wiltshire, Eng. with 1.69 mi of paths flanked by 16,180 yew trees. It was opened
on June 6, 1978 and measures 381 x 187 ft." [This Maze is also still
I've made a few of my own attempts at largest Mazes:
- The Connelly Maze: In 1987, when I
saw that the largest Maze had 4 miles of paths in it, I resolved to beat it! The
result was a computer generated Maze printout with 4.2 miles of paths, with
dimensions of over 23 long by 11 feet wide. The Maze is 1023 passages across by
2047 down, and printed on 688 pages. I wrote the Guinness people about this
Maze, and got a response that they had a number of computer Maze submissions,
including one that was almost a half mile long. Note the two Mazes here are also
mentioned near the top of my Maze Mansion page.
- The Connelly II: In 1988 I finished
an even larger Maze, created in response to the largest computer Maze the
Guinness people had received. The stack of paper on the bed in the picture is
one long, thin Maze, measuring only 8.8 inches wide but 130 feet more than a
half mile long. This one is 39 passages across by 199999 down, with over 22
miles of paths, and printed on 3031 pages. I wrote the Guinness people about
this Maze as well, but the response was that they didn't have a category for
computer Maze printouts. As far as I can tell, this is or at least was the
largest computer generated Maze at the time.
- Castle at the center of the Labyrinth:
This shows a long thin Maze unrolled around the house I lived in at the time.
This was taken November 29, 1987 and done in honor of my one year anniversary of
seeing the movie Labyrinth for the first time. I unrolled the Maze making my
house like Jareth's castle at the center of his Labyrinth, then watched the
- Tower Maze: The Tower Maze is the
second largest computer Maze I've ever printed. At the time I finished it, in
November, 1987, it was the largest I ever did. It is exactly 30% the size of the
Connelly II Maze, my current largest. It's printed on 935 sheets of paper, has
6.76 miles of passages, and weighs over 11 pounds. The smaller Maze on the left
is the one I unrolled around the house above, where it's titled the
A selection of links about cornfield and other life size Mazes in the
physical world around us:
- Adrian Fisher Maze Design:
Numerous life size Mazes, products, info, and more, by the organizer of
England's "Year of the Maze". See also Adrian Fisher's Maize Mazes and Adrian Fisher's World Maze Database.
- Minotaur Mazes: Creator
of many themed, interactive, traveling, and educational life size Mazes.
- The MAiZE: The world's
largest cornfield Maze company.
- MazePlay: Another cornfield
Maze company, that can design and cut corn Mazes for you. For their older
designs see Great Adventure Corn
- American Maze Company:
Creator of many record-breaking life size "maize" Mazes.
- The Corn Maze Directory:
A directory of corn Mazes in the USA and Canada, by Etty Blum.
- Maize Quest: Creator of many
corn and other types of Mazes, with a focus on contests and other fun
activities. Play their Maze Quest computer game here.
- Maze Mania: A 2.5 acre
wooden fence Maze that gets changed every day in Garden City, South Carolina.
- Black Hills Maze:
A 39,000 square foot Maze (1.2 miles of paths) constructed of Douglas Fir, among
a family adventure play park south of Rapid City, South Dakota.
- Cowtown Cattlepen Maze:
A 5400 square foot Maze and other attractions in Forth Worth, Texas.
- The Garden Maze: A
hedge Maze in Luray Caverns, Virginia.
- Foster's Produce and
Corn Maze: Foster's Produce in Arlington, Washington has made a giant
cornfield Maze every year since 1998.
- Hedgend Maze: Hedgend Maze
in Victoria, Australia features a life size hedge Maze, a "rainbow"
Maze, and other activities.
Lecture: Describes different kinds of Mazes and Labyrinths; includes
a picture of six French garden Mazes (a large one surrounded by five smaller
- Soekershof Walkabout:
About a collection of life size Mazes and Labyrinths in South Africa.
- Mike's Mazes: A
list of life size Mazes in the United Kingdom and information on types of Mazes.
- Amazing Stuff: Mazes
and Labyrinths in life sized versions, books, and other products, by Steve
- Maze hobby:
A discussion of Mazes in movies and life sized versions of them, by Greg Keogh.
- Modular Maze Panels: Life
size tarp Mazes and how to construct them, by Paul, Bob, Ken and Bob.
A selection of links about unicursal Labyrinths and their use in spiritual
Geomancy: Unicursal Labyrinths, how to make them, and how use them in
meditation. See also The Labyrinth
- Labyrinthina Home Page:
Site about the spiritual significance of Labyrinths, with life size Maze
Labyrinth Products From Relax4Life include finger Labyrinths, jewelry, books,
Labyrinth making kits, and more.
- Grace Cathedral:
Has information about Veriditas, the world-wide Labyrinth project and features
online shopping for Labyrinth products. See also their Grace Online page.
Labyrinth: Dan Johnston's site contains information about the
classical and Chartres style Labyrinths, their spiritual meanings, and how to
- Labyrinths: The
Pilgrim's Way: Fish Eaters presents a traditional Catholic view of
Labyrinths and Labyrinth walking, along with geometrical measurements.
- The Sacred Labyrinth Walk:
Open to a new spiritual experience in the Labyrinth, by Georgiana Lofty.
- Mystery Labyrinth:
Lots of online simulations, pictures, and information about Labyrinths and
- PAXworks: Resources,
information, and products offered for the Labyrinth journey.
- Jo Edkins' Maze
Page: Excellent analysis of many types of unicursal Mazes and
variants, and how to make them.
- Through Mazes to
Mathematics: An analysis of the properties of unicursal Labyrinths,
by Tony Phillips.
- Blogmymaze: A blog
about Labyrinths considered from several different categories, by Erwin
- Daedalus in the 21st
Century: A program that generates all possible unicursal Labyrinths, by
- Surrender to the
Heart: About Labyrinth Inspiration Cards and the Labyrinth of the
Lake in Texas.
replica: A Labyrinth with the same plan as the famous unicursal one
in Chartres Cathedral was recently made in St. Paul Anglican Church in
- Labyrinth Springs:
About a unique spiritual Labyrinth in Labyrinth Springs, New Zealand, with a
giant Genesa Crystal in the center.
Labyrinth: A global information network of resources in medieval
Labyrinth Enthusiasts: An MSN community about Labyrinths in the
- Labirintus: A quality
Hungarian index site with links to many Labyrinth and Maze sites in various
A selection of dead links. These sites are still listed for history and in
the hope they will someday work again.
This site produced by Walter D.
Pullen (see Astrolog homepage), hosted on astrolog.org and Magitech, created using Microsoft FrontPage, page last updated
April 20, 2013.